Japanese media said the US unilateral military transparency will hurt USUpdated: October 20, 2015 Views: 37
Japanese diplomacy scholar website on September 19, entitled << opaque Why is Asia's largest military threat >> article, authored by Van Jackson, compiled as follows:
Asia's lack of transparency of the existence of the problem, it will enhance the risk of conflict almost every place. Applied to the area no matter what the US military and diplomatic solutions are used as an ongoing part of Asia rebalancing policy, they should receive a kind of simple heuristics Guide: reduce (or at least not exacerbate) a poorly lit environments opacity.
As we all know, has always been a lack of trust among Asian countries, and between them there is always the unresolved dispute. At the same time, the theme even for the purposes of the poorest Asian governments, military modernization is a recurring, in many cases, , military spending on the rise.
For Asian countries, the pattern of regional security cooperation in environmental damage, aggravate political misunderstanding, induced inadvertently military accidents and various forms of coercion can not see who is opportunism or extend capitalist countries make excuses. The key to all these problems is the lack of transparency , regardless of the recent mini-crisis between North and South Korea or the Diaoyu Islands dispute.
In the case of every potential political conflict, there are at least two forms of opaque.
One is operational: the location of the army, they are doing and they are trying to send out the signals often cause doubt, so that decision-makers had to use incomplete information to try to judge that is an unmanned. reconnaissance? Yes unarmed? China is blocking Philippine maritime police boats or supply vessels with naval vessels? upcoming launch of its fire control radar, or simply by locking a Japanese target to convey a signal?
Another opaque is strategic: other fundamental intention of national decision-making process is often unclear Korea is not developing nuclear weapons, as part of the strategy of retaliation sure of China is not a willing to use force to subvert.? Present Situation country?
Given the opaque lower operational level can also make opaque strategic level is reduced, these two forms of ambiguity is interconnected, so the issue of a lack of transparency rational solution is transparency. For those who advocate deterrence, it seems may be counter-intuitive in the literature on coercion, the opacity is the so-called enemy as part of an effective manipulation discussed. Thomas Schelling has wisely put 'a threat to the opportunity to make something happen' as is A rival to take some means to prevent prohibited conduct strategic ambiguity has long been the United States deal with the fact that the means of its commitments to Taiwan and Korea during the crisis brinkmanship strategy is dependent on the US and South Korea risk aversion of conflict: Despite the possibility of all-out war in Korea is very low, the lack of such a possibility 100 percent absolute certainty will strengthen North Korea's deterrent (at least in theory, is so).
But American policy in Asia, all places and all times of power politics is not a very convincing basis: even in the unlikely success stories, it would lead to such an environment, in this environment even if it is for the United States under the weakness or disadvantage of the weakest perception could lead to the collapse of regional order. Sometimes one form or another form of opaque will meet US intentions, but it inevitably leads beyond US policymakers usually bear the risk limits, thus making it a hollow foundation of American strategy in Asia.
In contrast, as a general rule, greater transparency and stability of the region can make the United States benefit from many aspects. First, military adventures and naked aggression in a more transparent environment not so much chance of success. Even North Korea does not want to be seen as the aggressor, and would tend to adjust their provocative acts, in order to be able to defend themselves with a flexible and expression to explain their behavior. Second, if we think that no one will take the initiative to seek Conflict - this is in itself debatable, then towards the conflict are the most likely ways and inaccurate judgment or misunderstanding about the communication of information under the hypothetical perfect environment, the probability inaccurate judgments will be close to nature. zero. Third, even if a country transparency indicators show that aggressive, over time, one about what will happen when and where things are more common view may contribute to threat perception among neighbors collection, which seek safe country more easily together against aggression, even if only in the diplomacy.
The only question facing policy makers is how to make the operations in Asia to become more transparent and strategies, and when to make an exception. In this regard, the use of satellite imaging technology to non-State initiatives (such as 38 degrees north latitude and the Asian Network Maritime Transparency Initiative) in the region will push in the right direction. play there DoD recently launched Asia Pacific Maritime Security Strategy in the same role, the strategic emphasis on strengthening awareness of the right to territorial waters of the United States allies and partners.
Transparency is not a panacea, but it does not always equate to opaque uncertainty in international relations, especially the headaches addition, the United States and other countries how to deal with critical areas to reduce the opacity of the task: United States not against other requirements of unilateral transparency measures might only make the United States more vulnerable, while there will be no changes to the local environment, but I think, as long as the transparency is still a guiding principle of US policy, so there is always to maintain a certain reason for optimism.
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